5 monuments You should visit when coming to Hanoi

Visitors to the capital have the opportunity to learn about the history – the culture of the nation at Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam, Imperial Citadel of Thang Long … For those who love to travel and learn about history – culture-you should not miss the 5 relics below.

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The Temple of Literature

Temple of Literature – Quoc Tu Giam is one of the most famous destinations in Hanoi that any visitor should not miss. The architectural complex here includes Van Lake, Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam area, and Giam garden. In which, the subject architecture is Van Mieu (the place of worshiping Confucius) and Quoc Tu Giam. With more than 700 years of operation, having trained thousands of talents for the country, Quoc Tu Giam is the first university in Vietnam and also a symbol of feudal electoral.

The Temple of Literature is a Temple of Confucius in Hanoi, northern Vietnam. The temple hosts the Imperial Academy, Vietnam's first national university. The temple was built in 1070 at the time of Emperor Lý Thánh Tông. (Hanoi Travel Guide - Go Explore Vietnam)

This used to be the place where thousands of martyrs come to “good luck” before each exam by stroking turtle heads at doctoral steles. However, at present, to preserve the monument, a fence is set up and the martyrs no longer do the ritual of luck as before. Instead, at the beginning of the lunar year, many martyrs and families will come here to burn incense and ask for calligraphy; pray for successful exams and a prosperous and prosperous new year.


Temple of Literature – Quoc Tu Giam is located at 58 Quoc Tu Giam, Dong Da district, Hanoi.

Business hours:

  • In the summer, Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam is open on weekdays from 7:30 to 17:30.
  • In winter, Van Mieu – Quoc Tu Giam is open on weekdays from 8am to 5:30 pm.


  • 30,000 VND for adults.
  • 15,000 VND for pupils and students (with a student card or student card)
  • 15,000 VND for people with severe disabilities, the elderly (Vietnamese citizens aged full 60 years or older, with identity card).
  • Free for children under 15 years old.

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is the next famous historical relic of Thang Long citadel; starting from the pre-Thang Long-period (7th century) through the Dinh – Tien Le period; strongly developed under the Ly, Tran, Le, and Hanoi citadel under the Nguyen dynasty. This is a massive architectural work; built by dynasties in many historical periods and became the most important relic in the system of monuments of Vietnam. The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long has been recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage.

Imperial Citadel of Thang Long

The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long now belongs to Dien Bien and Quan Thanh wards, Ba Dinh district. Here, visitors have the opportunity to admire the relic with a total area of ​​18,395ha; including archaeological sites 18 Hoang Dieu; and other vestiges left in the Hanoi Citadel relic; such as Doan Mon, Hanoi flagpole, Kinh Thien Palace, D67, Bac Mon, Hau Lau, the citadel walls and 8 palace gates under the Nguyen dynasty.

Opening hours: From 8 am to 5 pm daily (except Monday).


  • Adults: 30,000 VND / time
  • Pupils, students 15 years of age or older (if there is a student card), the elderly (60 years old or older) are Vietnamese citizens (present ID card or any other documents to prove are the elderly): 15,000 VND / time.
  • Free sightseeing for children under 15 years old and people with meritorious services to the revolution.

Hoan Kiem Lake

Hoan Kiem Lake was formerly known as Luc Thuy Lake or Thuy Quan Lake. Because this used to be the place where the king used to train marines to fight. However, in the 15th century, the lake was renamed Hoan Kiem Lake because it is associated with the legend that King Le Loi returned the treasure sword to the Golden Turtle. Lake is located in the center of the capital; Surrounded by 3 streets: Hang Khay, Le Thai To, and Dinh Tien Hoang.

Hoan Kiem Lake
Hoan Kiem Lake

Hoan Kiem Lake is currently a place for people to relax, take a walk, get cool, and a place for cultural activities. This is also a favorite place for young people every weekend when the walking street takes place (from Friday to Sunday every week).

Ngoc Son Temple

Ngoc Son Temple is also a symbol in Hanoi. The temple was built in the early 19th century, originally known as Ngoc Son pagoda; later changed to Ngoc Son temple because in the temple of the god of literature the election was Van Xuong De Quan and worshiped the hero who invaded the Nguyen army in the 13th century, Hung Dao Dai Vuong Tran Quoc Tuan.

Ngoc Son Temple

Ngoc Son Temple stands out with works and architecture around; including Thap But Tower, Dai Nghien, The Huc Bridge, Dac Nguyet Lau, Temple, and Ba Dinh Tran.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum; or Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Uncle Ho’s Mausoleum; is the place to keep President Ho Chi Minh’s body. The mausoleum was officially started on September 2, 1973; and was inaugurated on August 29, 1975; at the site of the old grandstand in the middle of Ba Dinh Square, where Uncle Ho used to preside over the meetings.

The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is the final resting place of Vietnamese Revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, Vietnam. (Hanoi Travel Guide - Go Explore Vietnam)

Uncle Ho’s mausoleum is located in the mausoleum complex; including Ba Dinh Square, Presidential Palace, Uncle Ho’s stilt house … Normally, visitors will be able to visit the whole area in the order: Uncle Ho’s Mausoleum to the Stilt House, Uncle Ho’s fish pond; then visit Ho Chi Minh museum and finally One Pillar Pagoda. Besides, visitors can also admire the flag-raising ceremony and the flag-raising ceremony at Ba Dinh Square when coming here.

Business hours

  • In the summer, from April to the end of October, the mausoleum is open from 7:30 to 10:30. On Saturdays, Sundays and other holidays, the mausoleum is open from 7:30 am to 11am.
  • In winter, from November to the end of March next year, the mausoleum is open from 8:00 am to 11:00 am. For Saturday, Sunday and public holidays, the mausoleum is open from 8am to 11:30.

Uncle Ho’s mausoleum is usually open in the mornings of the week except for Monday and Friday. However, on special days like the first day of Lunar New Year, May 19 (Uncle Ho’s birthday), and September 2 (National Day) that coincide on Monday or Friday, the mausoleum will still be open.


  • Free for Vietnamese citizens.
  • The entrance ticket price of the Chairman’s mausoleum with foreign tourists is 40,000 VND / time, and 40,000 VND ticket to visit Uncle Ho’s stilt house.

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