The ancient citadels with high walls, moats, palaces, castles are places to store valuable values about the architectural style, culture, history of Vietnam. Let us introduce you to the most famous citadels in Vietnam.
Thang Long Citadel
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is a typical monument complex associated with more than 1000 years of Hanoi history. This is the capital of Vietnam under the Ly, Tran and Le dynasties and contains many important historical and cultural values of Vietnam in general and Hanoi in particular.
After more than 1,000 years of ups and downs along with the history of the nation, the ancient city has disappeared but based on the remaining vestiges, one can realize that this place once existed a huge architectural complex. imprinted with Vietnamese culture, architecture, and society.
Today, some of the remaining architectures include the flagpole of Hanoi, Doan Mon, Hau Lau and Cua Bac … The relic center of Thang Long Imperial Citadel – Hanoi was recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural heritage site in 2010.
Citadel of the Ho Dynasty
Located in the territory of present-day Thanh Hoa province, the Ho Dynasty Citadel was once the capital of Vietnam under Ho Quy Ly. The large-scale citadel is the only remaining solid stone construction in Southeast Asia and one of the few remaining stone strongholds in the world.
The entire wall and the four main gates are built entirely of green, square limestone, stacked tightly together without adhesive, ensuring durability. Over 600 years with ups and downs of history and the impact of the weather, the wall system is quite intact, although the construction time is very urgent, only about 3 months.
However, over 600 years of existence, most of the internal structures were destroyed. The vestige of the foundation of the old palace is still hidden under the rice fields of the people around the region.
Quang Tri Citadel
Located in the center of Quang Tri town, Quang Tri province, when mentioning this ancient citadel name, people will think of one of the places that witnessed the fierce war; It is a place of sacrifice for so many people who fell for the independence of the country.
Quang Tri Citadel was built from the reign of Gia Long King, and until Minh Mang King was completed, the construction period lasted nearly 28 years (1809-1837). The citadel was initially made of earth, in 1837 Minh Mang king rebuilt it with bricks.
Due to suffering a huge amount of bombs and explosions during the war, after the peace was restored, Quang Tri ancient citadel today only has a few remaining sections of walls, gates … Quang Tri Citadel is now the place of patriotic traditional education and an attractive attraction for domestic visitors and international friends.