Hanoi is a thousand-year-old civilized land with heroic history pages; where there are museums that keep traces of history and culture of all times. Each museum in Hanoi has its own unique and distinctive color; sketching out a colorful picture of the landmarks and imprints of the whole country of Vietnam.
Ha Noi Museum
Hanoi Museum is a work built on the occasion of the 1000th anniversary of the civilization of the capital. This is one of the most beautiful museums in Hanoi. The first impression when entering the Hanoi Museum is the unique structure of the building with an inverted pyramid shape; in which the 4th floor has the largest area and then gets smaller.
The first floor of the museum is a pavilion; displaying the model of the dragon carved dragon in the Ly dynasty and the documents and artifacts of the Ly – Tran – Le dynasties. The second floor is a display area of extremely vivid natural artifacts; such as Hoan Kiem turtle skeleton, Ho Tay shrimp specimen, pictures of milk flower, Hanoi mausoleum …
The 3rd floor displays ancient artifacts such as bronze drums, copper coins, ancient ceramic pots, ivory, Dragon statue, stone turtle statue … The last floor is where there are pictures and pictures of Hanoi capital ancient and present.
The museum building also includes 2 basements below. This place will take you on a journey to discover Hanoi since the construction of the country up to now with 3 zones; including Hanoi Natural History; History of Hanoi from the nation’s construction to before the August Revolution; and Hanoi’s history since the August Revolution in 1945 up to now.
Address: Pham Hung Street, Me Tri Ward, Nam Tu Liem District, Hanoi
Entrance fee: Free
Vietnam National Museum of History
National History Museum was established on the basis of a merger between the Museum of Vietnamese History and the Museum of the Vietnamese Revolution. These are museums belonging to the Vietnamese national museum system that was born very early; with the architectural style harmoniously combining the oriental architectural style with the beauty of Western architecture.
The National Museum of History is the only museum in Vietnam with the function of archaeological excavation. This is a work to bring the National History Museum the source of artifacts to display scientifically and effectively. Currently, the National History Museum is keeping nearly 250,000 documents, artifacts, and special and rare artifacts collections.
To date 20 of them have been recognized (out of a total of 188) as National Treasures. Documents and artifacts about the Communist Party of Vietnam, about leader Ho Chi Minh, from the previous period, and about the 1945 August Revolution have a special place at the Museum.
Address: 216 Tran Quang Khai Street, Trang Tien, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi
Ticket price: 40,000 VND / person
Ho Chi Minh Museum
Ho Chi Minh Museum is one of the major museums in Hanoi with an area of up to 18,000 m2. This is the place to keep many valuable artifacts about President Ho Chi Minh. The museum was built in 1973 in the same area where he read the Declaration of Independence; this work has received sincere help from the former Soviet Union from design to construction stage.
Ho Chi Minh Museum is built in a square block and beveled at two diagonal corners on the side. In general, the museum’s design looks like a white lotus, exuding pure and elegant beauty. On the main exterior of the museum is a large relief. Large relief appears as the national flag and hammer and sickle intertwined to represent the ideology of independence and socialism. This is the goal that the entire Party and people are aiming for national development.
The first floor of the museum displays artifacts and documents about Ho Chi Minh’s biography, prominent revolutionary milestones and the nation’s construction work according to his will; the space displayed by the topic arrays. The second floor is the place to display the typical struggles and great victories of the Vietnamese army and people under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh.
The exhibits on display are extended as a deeper step to understand the themes on display on the 1st floor. The 3rd floor thematically exhibits regional and world-historical landmarks with private impact. thought, the revolutionary way of the young Nguyen Tat Thanh.
Address: 19 Ngoc Ha, Doi Can, Ba Dinh, Hanoi
Entrance fee: Free
Vietnam Museum of Ethnology
Vietnam Museum of Ethnology was formed in 1981 in Hanoi with an area of 3.27 ha. This is a miniature picture of the history and culture of the 54 ethnic groups in Vietnam with extremely unique cultural diversity.
The museum is divided into three main exhibition areas, including the Trong Dong building, the outdoor exhibition area, and the Southeast Asia exhibition area. Trong Dong Building has two spaces, 1 themed display space, and is always renewed on the 2nd floor; the first-floor space introduces the identity of 54 ethnic groups. There are 15,000 artifacts, 42,000 videos, and images depicting daily life, costumes, clothing, agricultural tools, religious beliefs, and customs of the ethnic minorities.
The outdoor area is a place to simulate the unique architecture of the people; such as the house on stilts of the Tay, the stilt house of the E De people, the house on stilts of the Tay people, the ground house with the Pom shingle of the Hmong people.
Located in the garden campus, there is also a rice mortar with the water power of the Dao. The exhibition area of Southeast Asia is the place to display Southeast Asian culture, Indonesian glass paintings, a glimpse of Asia and around the world. There are also educational activities, halls, movie theaters, multimedia rooms, visitors can view cultural material not only of Vietnam but also of ASEAN countries.
Address: Nguyen Van Huyen, Quan Hoa, Cau Giay, Hanoi
Ticket price: 40,000 VND / person
Vietnam Women’s Museum
Vietnam Women’s Museum – a place to store, display and reproduce the symbolic image of Vietnamese women from ancient times to modern times. Comprised of 4 floors with thousands of documents and artifacts, the Vietnam Women’s Museum took nearly 10 years to search and collect across the country: from images to costumes, all carry the characteristics of Vietnamese women.
The first impression when setting foot on the marble floor of the museum is a statue named “Mother of Vietnam” solemnly present in the entrance hall. The second floor of the museum displays artifacts that have been associated with Vietnamese women’s life such as working tools, jewelry … The 3rd floor is where the notes and artifacts of the Women’s Union.
During its 81 years of operation in Vietnam, including many objects sent by women around the world to support the association’s activities. The 4th floor is the place to introduce the costumes of Vietnamese women throughout the long history, along with information about 54 ethnic groups across the country.
In addition to the regular display system, the museum also organizes many thematic exhibitions with a new approach to social anthropology; reflecting the development and change of contemporary society by projects oriented towards to many different target groups; especially disadvantaged and disadvantaged women and children.
Address: No. 36 Ly Thuong Kiet, Hang Bai, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi
Ticket price: 30,000 VND / person
Vietnam Fine Arts Museum
Vietnam Fine Arts Museum is one of the national museums having an important position in preserving and promoting cultural and artistic heritage treasures of the Vietnamese ethnic community.
The total area of the museum campus up to now is about 4,737 square meters; in which the display area is over 3,000m2. There are more than 30 galleries in the Vietnam Fine Arts Museum; with the richness of artifacts with unique creative lines; from ethnic costumes with brilliant patterns to intricate bamboo artifacts, or folk paintings of Dong Ho, and elaborately crafted bronze, stone, and wooden statues …; All together reflect the traditional quintessence of the nation.
The collections displayed in the Museum are introduced according to the historical process, genre, and material; in order to express the typical values of art historical periods; convenient for visitors to admire; with over 2,000 exhibits on permanent display with main themes; including Prehistoric and prehistoric fine arts; Fine arts from the 11th to the 19th centuries; Fine arts from the 20th century to the present; Traditional applied art; Folk art; Vietnamese ceramic art from the 11th to the 20th century, includes ceramic samples salvaged from 5 ancient ships.
In addition to the regular display space, the museum has a thematic display space, a creative space for children, and a food and drink space.
Address: 66 Nguyen Thai Hoc, Dien Ban, Ba Dinh, Hanoi
Ticket price: 40,000 VND / person
Vietnam Museum of Nature
Vietnam Museum of Nature reproduces the whole natural picture of Vietnam with the life of flora and fauna species over 3.6 billion years. This is the ideal destination for those who love to explore nature, want to learn about the world, especially for children.
Vietnam Museum of Nature is a national museum that was inaugurated in 2004. Only with an area of 300m2 but it holds nearly 40,000 different specimens. The museum was established to store valuable natural values of Vietnam over the past 3.6 billion years.
Before entering the museum you will be impressed by the large, lifelike dinosaur in front of the museum. Besides, the posters introducing the exhibited samples also stimulated the curiosity of the visitors. Step inside, you will be amazed and excited by a vast world of flora and fauna with a full range of different types. 40 thousand artifacts including animals such as reptiles, animals, .. insects, fungi plants, geological samples, .. are arranged according to each type.
The museum also makes use of anywhere to be able to share knowledge information for visitors. On an eye-catching wooden wall, you will see an evolutionary tree diagram simulating the natural world with 5 main kingdoms: animals, plants, fungi, prokaryotes, and protozoa.
In addition to flora and fauna, this place also displays human fossil evolutionary samples from the spiritual school. Next to each display area, there will be a projection screen to help visitors better understand the evolution of flora and fauna.
Address: No. 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Hanoi
Ticket price: Free
Vietnam Military History Museum
The Vietnam Military History Museum is not only a famous museum in Hanoi but also one of the six national museums and also the first military museum. This is a place to store and display about 150,000 artifacts of historical, cultural, and military value; reflecting the context of the resistance wars against the invaders from the time of the Hung Kings to the time of President Ho Chi Minh.
The museum has an indoor and outdoor display system with an area of up to 3,200 square meters. Many artifacts at the Vietnam Military History Museum can be mentioned; such as bicycles in Dien Bien Phu campaign, MiG19, MiG21 aircraft, Sam 2 missiles, Sam 3 missiles in the anti-US imperialist campaign, bamboo poles or tanks of motorized troops entering Saigon Saigon April 30, 1975 …; are displayed in the middle of the room.
In addition, the Museum has galleries; such as Topic: Vietnam self-created primitive weapons during the Liberation War (1945-1975); Thematic of Truong Son Road – Ho Chi Minh Road (1959-1975); Vietnamese Heroic Mothers Theme; Topic World support for Vietnam resistance and outdoor display system.
Address: 28A Dien Bien Phu, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi.
Entrance fee: 20,000 VND / person
Air Force and Air Defence Museum
Museum of Air Defense – Air Force ranks 2 in the system of National Museum of Vietnam; a place to keep the images, documents; exhibits to prove the birth, construction, fighting, maturity and victory of the Vietnamese Air Defense – Air Force army.
The outdoor display has an area of over 15,000 m2 with 101 cubic artifacts, is a unique collection of weapons artifacts about the four forces of the Army Air Defense – Air Force; including High-Gun Cannon, Aircraft, Missiles, Radars.
These are the weapons that have made many excellent victories: The 37mm cannon of To Vinh Dien battery participated in the Dien Bien Phu campaign; The journey of the 90mm cannon produced by the US took part in the first battle on August 5, 1964; Aircraft Mig.21 shot down aircraft B.52 on the night of December 27, 1972; The Mig aircraft, transport helicopters, armed helicopters and a number of attack aircraft we obtained from the Saigon authorities, …
Displaying in the house more than 3,000 artifacts and images have recreated the heroic pages of the Air Defense-Air Force soldiers. Each artifact, image in the display system is a legend about the outstanding victories of the Air Defense – Air Force in the two wars of resistance against France and the US; The heroic feats of defeating the professional air force of the country with modern science and technology are still attractive to many domestic and foreign visitors.
Address: 173C Truong Chinh, Khuong Mai, Thanh Xuan, Hanoi
Entrance fee: 15,000 VND / person
Vietnam Weapons Museum
The Vietnam Weapons Museum is located in an area of 10,000 square meters; with a 3-story showroom. Here are hundreds of weapons among more than 5,000 original artifacts; in which there are many weapons collections of great historical value; demonstrates the process of formation and development of weapons technology in Vietnam.
Here, you can see the model of Lien Chau crossbow by An Duong Vuong in the legend of My Chau – Trong Thuy; bows, arrows, spears, marks, wooden stakes, stone catapults, cannonballs, war elephants, war horses, war boats …; was used by the Vietnamese to make glorious victories; such as the victory over Bach Dang Giang defeating the Chinese army in 938 by Ngo Quyen; the victory over Chi Lang lane destroyed more than 10,000 Minh army of Le Loi (1427); victory over Ngoc Hoi – Dong Da,…; to modern-day weapons; such as those used by the Vietnamese army and people in the two resistance wars against the French (1945 – 1954) and the Americans (1954 – 1975).
In addition, the museum also displays legendary weapons equipped by the former Soviet Union country for the People’s Army of Vietnam; which has brought into great effect. Notable as an AK47 rifle; RP6-7 anti-tank gun; T54 tank; multi-purpose transport aircraft MI-8; MI-24; AN-2; fighter aircraft MG-21; jet artillery system self-propelled BM21 with 40-caliber 122mm engine; anti-aircraft missile system SAM-2 …
Address: 22 Alley 157 Duc Giang, Thuong Thanh, Long Bien, Hanoi
Entrance fee: Free